The Algerian experience in de-radicalization will serve as an example for further disengagement policies worldwide, said Carnegie Middle East Center in an article published last Friday, entitled « A Life after Jihadism ».
So far, « there is no ideal template or programme for the demobilization of jihadists … yet, thinking about the Algerian experience is a useful starting point for developing disengagement initiatives elsewhere” said the Beirut-based centre, established by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
The centre added: “If one lesson needs to be learned from the Algerian experience, it is that a military response is not sufficient on its own. Terrorism is above all a social phenomenon, and therefore a failure to engage with it on a social level may ensure it comes back in some form.”
In Algeria, the authorities “adopted more conciliatory methods since that time, including a truce, reconciliation process, demobilization and rehabilitation programs, as well as investing in development”, said Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck, the author of the article.
“Today, Algeria, with its combination of a soft and hard approach, provides a successful example of how to neutralize terrorism”, said the centre.
Below is the link to read the full text of the article by DALIA GHANEM-YAZBECK: « A Life After Jihadism »:
Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck is a Resident Scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where her work examines political and extremist violence, radicalization, Islamism, and jihadism with an emphasis on Algeria.